Hair loss and why it happens
Hair loss is loss of hair from the head or body. Today, this term mainly refers to losing hair from the top of the head, which is a big problem for both males and females. The most common cause of hair loss in males is a condition known as male-pattern baldness. There is also a condition called female-pattern baldness responsible for thinner hair and bald spots on the scalp experienced by women. Sex hormones are thought to be responsible for the problem in both sexes, although it's far more common in men than in women. Other factors that can cause hair loss or contribute to it include medical problems (such as scalp infections and thyroid problems), taking drugs for depression, cancer, high blood pressure, heart condition or arthritis, pulling the hair too tightly into specific hairstyles and even presence of physical or emotional shock at some stage of the patient's life.
Symptoms of hair loss
Hair loss is a gradual process that in most patients takes months or even years. The symptoms of hair loss are easy to spot, although they can appear in different ways depending on what caused the problem in the first place. One of the most common signs is gradual thinning of hair on the top area of the scalp. Males usually experience an M-shaped receding hairline starting from the forehead, while women tend to retain their usual forehead hairline. Another symptom is the appearance of a bald spot, usually at the very top of the scalp. There can be one bald spot or several patchy ones. Another important sign to keep in mind is sudden loosening of hair, especially as a result of some kind of shock. Handfuls or hair may come out when you comb your hair or tug on it gently. All and any of those signs are a reason to see a doctor.
Hair loss treatment
Hair loss treatments are intended for promoting the growth of healthy strong hair or hiding the process of hair loss for aesthetic reasons. Those unable or unwilling to take medications for the problem can always wear a wig or a hairpiece. A professionally made wig or hairpiece should be used to cover the areas of the scalp with thinner hair and will look exactly like your natural hair. A surgery is another option. There are hair transplants (with hair plugs removed from the back of your scalp and then implanted into the bald areas of the scalp) and scalp reduction surgeries (bald skin areas removed and the space closed with hair-covered patches of scalp). Since surgical procedures are usually quite painful and costly, most people prefer taking drugs like Propecia and Rogaine. Rogaine is a topical remedy that helps to regrow hair and prevent further hair loss, while Propecia is available as pills, helping to slow the process of hair loss, resuming the growth of thicker healthier hair.
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